LEBOR GABALA ERENN
THE BOOK OF THE TAKING OF IRELAND

Second Redaction
Stowe collection (D.5.1, D.4.1, D.1.3), Book of Lecan & Stowe D.4.3
[ ] = glossarial matter in text



SECTION V
NEMED



246. Now as we have related clearly of Cessair and of Partholon, and of their synchronism, from Adam to the Flood, and from the Flood to Abraham, and from Abraham to Nemed, with a knowledge of the synchronism of every king that took the world during that time, we had better tell of Nemed, and of the kings who reigned in his time. The Taking of Nemed below.

247. Now Ireland was desert thereafter for thirty years after Partholon, till Nemed s. Agnomain s. Pamp s. Tat s. Sera s. Sru s. Esru s. Baath s. Rifath Scot came to it. For of the progeny of Rifath Scot is every Taking that took Ireland, except Cessair. At Sru s. Esru the relationship of Partholon and Nemed and the Fir Bolg and the Tuatha De Danann and the sons of Mil of Spain unite (b). And each of these peoples had the Scotic language : this is evident from the story that when Ith son of Breogan came into Ireland, and he and the Tuatha De Danann conversed, it is through Scotic he conversed with them and they with him : and they said that they were of the seed of Rifath. Others say that Nemed was of the seed of the son whom Partholon left in the East, namely, of the seed of Agla son of Partholon.

248. He came out of Scythia westward, voyaging on the Caspian Sea, till he came in his wandering to the great ocean in the north. His tally was thirty-four ships, with thirty in each ship. There appeared to them a tower of gold on the sea, and they all went to capture it : and all were drowned except the Nemed-octad. When the sea was full it would come over that tower, and when it was at ebb much of it would be exposed. Such was the greed for the gold that took hold of them that they did not perceive the sea raging around them; so that the eddy took their ships from them except one boat, which carried Nemed and his three sons together with him : and it is they who protected the women. Nemed then was a year and a half thereafter a-wandering, till they came to Ireland thereafter.

249. As for Nemed, there were four leaders, Starn, Iarbonel the Soothsayer, Fergus Redside, and Annind, [who were the four sons of Nemed]. Their four wives were Macha, Meda, Eua, Cera : [and Nemed was not included thereafter in the reckoning of those four men].

250. There were four lake-bursts over land in the time of Nemed : Loch Cal in Ui Niallain, Loch Munremair in Ui Luigne of Sliab Gnaire; at the end of nine years after the coming of Nemed they burst forth : Loch Dairbrech and Loch Annind in Mide. When his grave was dug and he — Annind — was a-burying, then it was that the lake burst over land. But Macha wife of Nemed died earlier than Annind; in the twelfth day after they came into Ireland Macha died, and hers is the first death of the people of Nemed.

251. Two royal forts were dug by Nemed in Ireland : Raith Cindeich in Ui Niallain, and Raith Cimbaith in Seimne. The four sons of Matan Munremar, of the Fomoraig, dug Raith Cindeich in one day : Bocc, Robocc, Ruibne, and Rodan were their names. And they were slain in Daire Lige by Nemed before morning, before they should improve upon their digging.

252. Twelve plains were cleared by Nemed in Ireland : Mag Cera and Mag Eba, Mag Cuile Tolaid and Mag Luirg — these four are in Connachta : Mag Tochar in TirEogan, Leccmag in Muma, Mag Bernsa in Laigen, Mag Lugad in Ui Tuirtre, Mag Sered in Tebtha, Mag Semne in Dal Araide, Mag Muirtemne in Conaille, Mag Macha in Airgialla.

253. Nemed won three battles against the Fomoire : the battle of Ros Fraechain in Connachta, where fell Gand and Sengand, the two kings of the Fomoire; and the battle of Murbolg in Dal Riada, where fell Starn son of Nemed at the hands of Conann son of Faebar in Lethet Lachtmaige in Murbolg of Dal Riata : and the battle of Cnamros in Laigen, where a slaughter of the men of Ireland fell, including Artoat s. Nemed and Beoan s. Starn s. Nemed, at the hands of the same Conann. And those battles were broken before Nemed.

254. Thereafter Nemed died of plague in Oilean Arda Nemid in Ui Liathain, and three thousand of the men of Ireland along with him. Belle- pares was king of the world when Nemed came into Ireland. In his tenth year it was that Nemed came from the east.

255. There was a great oppression upon the children of Nemed — at the hands of the Fomoraig at that time, after the death of Nemed, namely at the hands of Morc son of Deled and of Conaind son of Faebar, who was in the Tower of Conand : and that is Torinis Cetne today, over against Ireland in the north-west. In it was the great fleet of the Fomoraig. This was the oppression : they made a sheep- land of Ireland, and none would dare to let smoke be seen from a house in Ireland by day, at that time : also two- thirds of their corn, their milk, and their progeny to be brought to them in taxation. The men of Ireland had to convey this every Samain night to the Fomoraig, to Mag Cetne. And this is why it is called Mag Cetne,for the frequency with which they had to convey the tribute thither :as though they should say, Is it to the Same Plain (Mag Cetne) that the tribute will be borne this time? Unde Mag Cetne dicitur.

256. Wrath and vexation took hold on the men of Ireland for the heaviness of the tax, and so the men of Ireland went to fight against the Fomoire. There were three warriors whom they brought up with them, Semeon s. Iarbonel the Soothsayer s. Nemed, and Erglan s. Beoan s. Starn s. Nemed, and Fergus Redside s. Nemed.

This was their tally at that time, as they went a-hosting, thirty thousand on sea and thirty thousand on land. [They captured the Tower, and Morc came with three-score ships] about which there fell [many] of them on the shore, both Fomoraig and children of Nemed. And the sea drowned them all except a few; they perceived it not, so strenuous was the battle. In the end only one ship escaped, in which were thirty warriors, who went away from Ireland thereafter.

257. Here follow the names of the thirty warriors who escaped, of the seed of Nemed, from the capture of Conainn's Tower. Erglan, Mathach, Artach, Beoan, Bethach, Britan, Baad, Ibad, Bechad, Bronal, Pal, Gortigern, Grenan, Glassan, Ceran, Gabran, Semeon, Fortach, Goscen, Guilliuc, Caman, Griman, Taman, Tuirriuc, Glas, Feb, Feran, Gam, Dam, Ding, Dial. Those are the names of the thirty men, who escaped from the capture of Conainn's Tower, and of them was Ireland taken again, ut dicitur

1. The capture of Conaing's tower with valour
against Conaing the great, son of Faebar :
the men of Ireland came to it,
three brilliant chieftains with them.

2. Erglan son of Beoan son of Starn,
Semeon son of bitter Iardan,
before exile went the warrior of the plains,
the son of Nemed, Fergus Lethderg.

3. Three score thousands in brilliant wise
over land and over water,
that is the tally who went from home,
the children of Nemed, to the capture.

4. Torinis, island of the tower,
the fortress of Conaing son of Faebar;
by Fergus himself, a fighting of valour,
Conaing son of Faebar fell.

5. Morc son of Dela came there,
it was for a help to Conaing :
Conaing fell previously,
Morc thought it grave tidings.

6. Three score ships over the sea
was the tally with which Morc son of Dela came :
there encountered them before they came to land,
the children of Nemed with powerful strength.

7. The men of all Ireland in the battle,
after the coming of the Fomoraig,
the sea-surge drowned them all,
except thrice ten men.

8. Erglan, Matach, Iartacht the noble,
the three sons of Beoan son of Starn, white his girdle,
Bethach, Britan after the battle,
Baath the glorious, and Ibath.

9. Bechach, Bethach, Bronal, Pal,
Goirthigern, German, Glasan,
Ceran, Gobran, Gothiam pure.
Gam, Dam, Ding and Deal.

10. Semeon, Fortecht, bright Gosten,
Grimaig, Guilliuc with cleverness,
Taman, Turruc, and Glas,
Feb, and Feran curl-haired.

11. Three tens on the tuneful sailing
went afterwards from Ireland :
in three they made divisions
after the capture of Conaing's Tower in the west.

12. The third of Bethach the victorious, tuneful fame,
from Toirinis to Boinn :
it is he who died in Inis Fail,
two years after Britan.

13. The third of Semeon son of noble Erglan
to Belaeh Conglais with horror;
the third of Britan, saith Ua Flaind,
from that to Conaing's Tower.

14. The children of Israel on a journey
at that time, out of Egypt;
and the children of Gaedel Glas,
were a-voyaging to Scythia.

15. Christ fair, with beauty of appearance,
King, apportioner of the haven of Paradise,
Into Thy heaven, famous the place,
King of the world, mayest thou choose me!

258. Beothach died of plague in Ireland: his ten wives survived him for a space of three score years. Ebath and his son Baath went into the north of the world. Mathach and Erglan and Iartacht, the three sons of Beoan s. Starn, went to Dobar and Iardobar in the north of Alba. Thereafter Semeon went into the lands of the Greeks. (*This § in V only. *)

259. As for Semeon, [s. Iarbonel the Soothsayer s. Nemed (* in V only*)] he went into the lands of the Greeks.

His progeny increased there till they amounted to thousands. Servitude was imposed upon them by the Greeks — carrying of clay on to bare rocks, so that they were all plains under clover-flowers. Sad and vexed were they at the servitude, and they came in flight, five thousand upon the sea, and made them barks and ships of their bags.

Or it is the pinnaces of the King of Greece that they took with them by stealth, to come into Ireland, as the Quire of Druim Snechta saith. (Interpolation in V only*)

261. And they arrived at Ireland, at their ancestral home, at the end of two hundred years after the Taking of Conainn's Tower,

Or two hundred and thirty.

263. They brought five leaders with them, Gann, Genann, Rudraige, Sengann and Slaine, the five sons of Dela s. Loth s. Tat s. Tribuat s. Athorb s. Goscen s. Airthecht s. Semeon s. Erglan s. Beoan s. Starn s. Nemed. Those men divided Ireland from Uisnech.

and it is of the progeny of that Semeon that the Gailloin and the Fir Bolg and the Fir Domnann are.

264. Fergus Redside s. Nemed and his son, Britan Mael s. Fergus (settled) in Moin Conain, and filled that country with their children. The seed of Brutus s. Ascanius filled the whole island except that part. So the progeny of Britan s. Fergus were in Moin Conain, and the progeny of Brutus s. Ascanius were in the Island, until the coming of Horsa and Hengist, the two sons of Guictglis, king of the Old Saxons, with the crew of two ships, and these are the names of their leaders, ut poeta dixit

Hengist and Horsa,
Posro pinguis, Pella;
Ethrall and Enda,
Olla, Etmall, Ella.

They drove the Britons on to the borders of the island, and they pressed in on the seed of Britan in Moin Conain : and it is there that Britan left his progeny. From Brutus son of Ascanius moreover, come the Britons, ut poeta dixit:

It is from Britus that the Britons come,
with expertness in their hands.

265. Bethach s. Iarbonel the Soothsayer s. Nemed — his seed went into the northern islands of the world to learn druidry and heathenism and devilish knowledge, so that they were expert in every art, and they were afterwards the Tuatha De Danann. And they came to Ireland at the end of two hundred and thirty years after leaving Ireland. Bethach s. Iarbonel the Sooth- sayer s. Nemed died with his ten men in Ireland, and their ten wives survived after their death twenty-three years till they all died. So that is the adventure of every family of the progeny of Nemed, from the dispersal of Conaing's Tower.

Wherefore the historian said the following song thereanent —

1. Great Ireland which the Gaedil regulate,
I tell some of her concerns :
Great chiefs spear-armed took her,
of the proud race of Adam.

2. From Adam the truly tuneful, the ruthless,
to the Flood, a tumult that was prepared,
none warmed her very powerful household
except Cessair of the fifty maidens.

3. Except Bith and Ladru — let us relate it — .
Fintan, with darkness of the land,
no man found it, who revealed the stately superiority
of Ireland, before the time of the Flood.

4. After the Flood of secret going
three hundred years, whoso relates it,
he who was a bright crown for deeds of valour,
Partholon son of Sera, comes.

5. Notwithstanding- every stately psalm-canon,
the people of Partholon the sinner-
dead was the whole tally of his household,
upon their Old Plain, in the course of a week.

6. Six fives of years without increase,
without a guard, it was dark obscurity.
Desert was every- side to the proud sea ;
Not a person took it save Nemed.

7. Nemed with wrath (?) of them all,
with store of fetters and valour,
he possessed the land of the warring of hosts,
after the destruction of the other companies.

8. He used to effect victory without hazards,
Nemed, with pride and intelligence :
the son of Agnomain with haughtiness,
although his troop was weak, it was stately.

9. Starn, who fell at the hands of Mac Faebuir,
Iarbonel the Soothsayer, who was joyous,
Ainnind with fetters of leather,
were the three venomous chieftains of Nemed.

10. Nemed who paid them in the matter of securities,
it was a pestilence of fire over a death-doom;
in his time, with a great noise of rushing,
there was an outburst — four lakes.

11. Loch Munremair, a pleasant sea,
of broad-ridged, firm fury;
Loch Dairbrech over a hedge of a king (?)
Loch Cal and Loch Ainnind.

12. Vigorously there were dug by his host
two forts with strength and firmness,
Raith Cindeich in which he apportioned weapons,
Raith Cimbaeith in Semne.

13. Cleared by him, it was a road of pleasure,
twelve plains of good eye (= prospect),
Mag Cera in Connachta of mists,
Mag Moda and Mag Eba.

14. Strong Mag Tochair was cleansed,
Lecmag of the great plain of Muma,
Mag Bernsa with a mystery of great graces,
Mag Cuile Tolad, Mag Lugad.

15. Mag Sered of drying-up of a river,
Mag Semne of lightness of colouring,
Mag Luirg of little darkness of side,
Mag Muirthemne, Mag Macha.

16. The routs — a work to recount them — which he broke
against the warriors of Fomoire of much sharpness :
the battle of huge Morbole of great sharpness
the battle of Badgna, and the battle of Cnamros.

17. In the territory of Liathan by Muma,
the dark lord of slaughter died of plague :
with the rude company of clean grass
in Oilean Arda Nemid.

18. They were not in security as regards oppression —
the progeny which Nemed fertilised —
at the hands of Conaing with hard body
and at the hands of Morc son of Dela.

19. Two-thirds of their shapely children,
it was not generous against military weakness —
a lasting tax through ages of the world —
two thirds of corn and of milk.

20. To hard Mag Cetna of weapons,
Over Eas Ruaid of wonderful salmon,
it was prepared against help, against feasting ( ?)
for them, every Samain eve.

21. Semeon son of joyful Iardan,
Fergus pure and generous, an effort of pride,
Erglan son of warlike Beoan,
Were the three freemen for their hosts.

22. The host of Ireland with her troop
came — it was steppings of power —
a warrior-band who had blood through the body,
westward to the capture of Conaing's tower.

23. Conaing's tower with store of plunder
of a union of the crimes of hundreds of rapine,
A fortress of assembly of the art
of the rage of the Fomoire of the sea.

24. The men of Ireland after its capture,
with the great valour of the courses before them,
of these, tidings of loss, none escaped
except thirty of the children of Nemed.

25. They were not at peace regarding their inheritance,
that host with great valour of despair :
of the thirty noble warriors,
every chieftain went his ways.

26. Into the land of Greeks, the remnant of the troop
went Semeon, it was a road of happiness :
with wisdom over the pre-eminent division
went Fergus into Moin Conain.

27. Britan Mael son of the prince
free the multitude of tracks over streams,
son of Lethderg from Lecmag
from whom are the Britons of the world.

28. Bethach under steps of forms of fame
died in Ireland according to truthfulness :
his ten wives behind him, thereafter,
for a space of twenty-three years.

29. Hundreds sprang from Semeon,
the Greeks thought them a numerous legion :
they were not accepted by the warriors
but were enslaved by the Greeks.

30. This was the order of the chieftains,
Carrying round of bags — it was not fraught with fame —
[of] clay upon a rocky stony mountain
so that it was a plain rich in flowers and flocks.

31. They departed with no treacherous covenant
upon the wrathful very black sea,
out of the captivity of hard fosterage
with ships and with bags.

32. These were their names of pride,
of the kings, spirited, with agility,
Gann, Genann with choice men of good divisions,
Rudraige, Sengann, Slanga.

33. The seed of Semeon of a row of spear-divisions,
a deed of pure will of purity of action-deeds ;
The Galioin, men of the very scanty orderings.
The Fir Bolg and the Fir Domnann.

34. Two hundred years, whoso relates it,
after Nemed, lustrous his deeds of valour,
till the Fir Bolg took the tuneful land
of Ireland, from the sea-pool of ocean. [This quatrain in R only.]

35. Their sending, their measuring-out, endures ;
they divided into five, without religion —
without a falling for their slender-sided sept —
pleasant Ireland, from Uisnech.

36. Let us give adoration to most righteous Christ
Who hath subdued the strongest floods;
His is the world with its generation,
His is every territory, His is Ireland.



SYNCHRONISMS OF THE INVASION OF NEMED.


272. The Synchronism of the Taking of Nemed here below. Six hundred and forty years from the birth of Abraham to the coming of Nemed into Ireland — namely the threescore that Abraham spent with 30 years that Ireland was waste; so that therein, are the 640 years from Abraham to Named. Moreover 1562 years from the Flood to the coming of Nemed into Ireland : 730 years from the arrival of Nemed in Ireland to the capture of Conaing 's Tower.

273. The tally of kings who captured the world during that time.
BELLEPARES was in the high kingship of the world when Nemed came into Ireland out of Scythia. Thirty years was his space — -the nine years which he spent before Nemed, and twenty-one years' contemporaneously with Nemed.

 
LAMPRIDES 32 years
SOSARES 20 „
LAMPARES30 „
PANYAS 25 „
SOSARMUS

29 „ . In his time Troy was captured by Hercules against Laomedon: 60 years from that capture to the last capture, by Agamemnon and Peleus (sic: read Achilles) and the Greeks against Priam and his sons.
MITREUS27 years
TAUTANES

32 ,, . In his time Troy was captured for the last time. There were seven years from the plaguing of the people of Partholon to the end of the rule of Assyria : 246 years from the plaguing to the capture of Troy. There were 354 years from the end of the reign of Tautanes to the end of the rule of Assyria.
TEUTEUS(c) 40 years after Tautanes.
THINEUS 31 „
EUPALES 59 „
LAOSTHENES42 „
PYRITIADES 30 „
OPHRATEUS 20 ,,
OPHRATANES 50 „
OCRAZAPES 42 „
TONOS CONCOLEROS

20 years . He is the last prince of the Assyrians : Sardanapalus was his Greek name. To the spinning of a distaff he came, and a withered hag was made of him, so that he burnt himself in fire : 470 years from when Nemed came till the end of the rule of Assyria, and they had 17 kings contemporaneously with Nemed. The length of their rule was 1240 years, and they had 36 kings during that time, ut poeta dicit

1. Two score, two hundred without blame,
a thousand, no lie, of years
was the length of their rule, it was brave fame
for the time of the thirty-eight kings.

2. If it be from the first year of noble Ninus,
that they took a governance of good rank,
a thousand, though it be only my scale (?)
two hundred and forty.


274. After the rule of Assyria, the Amazons had the rule for a hundred years, and they had six queens during that time, Marpesia, Lampeto, Sinope, Orithyia, <Antiope>, and Penthesilea. In the history of Dares <Phrygius> it is related that Penthesilea was on the side of the Trojans in fighting against the Greeks, so that she fell by the hands of Pyrrhus son of Achilles. If it was Tautanes who was king at the time of the capture of Troy, Penthesilea was contemporary with the Assyrians : or Troy was captured in the time of the Amazons.

275. The rule of the Medes was the high-princedom after the Assyrians: they had eight kings, and 255 years was the length of their reign.
 
ARBACES,their first king, had 28 years.
SOSARMUS,30 years. In his reign was the last king of Assyria, Baltassar son of Labashi-Marduk.
MEDIDUS,20 years. In his reign Salmanazar took the first captivity of the Ten Tribes.
CARDICEAS,14 years.
DEIOCES,

54 years. In the thirty-second year of his reign, of Deioces, the battle of Lethet Lachtmuige in Dal Riata, wherein fell Starn s. Nemed at the hands of Conaing s. Faebur, seven years after the taking of Conaing 's Tower; and the expulsion of the Progeny of Nemed from Ireland.

276. In the hundred and fortieth year of the rule of the Medes the seed of Nemed came into Ireland; 570 years they spent of the reign of the Assyrians, and there were sixteen kings of the Assyrians, and six queens of the Amazons, and fifteen kings of the Medes, (whose time) Nemed and his seed spent in Ireland. Those are the 730 years that the seed of Nemed were in Ireland.

DEIOCES moreover was 5 years in the kingship while Ireland was desert.
PHRAORTES 24 years.
CYAXARES 28 years. It is in his reign that Nabuchodonosor was in Babylon.
And ASTYAGES 8 years, until Cyrus son of Darius, son of his own daughter, deposed him. In his reign Nabuchodonosor burnt the Temple of Solomon, after he previously devastated Jerusalem.

277. Now this is the princedom of the Medes : 45 years, and Ireland was desert during their lordship. After the lordship of the Medes the Chaldeans had it, but they are never reckoned as high lords,

NABUCHODONOSOR, 7 years.
and his son EVIL MERODACH, 18.
and his grandson NERIGLISSOR, 30.
and his greatgrandson LABASHI-MARDUK, nine months.
and his great-great-grandson BALTASSAR, 17.


Those are the five kings of the Chaldeans; 105 years all but three months is their princedom. The four score and five years that the Medes were in the kingship while Ireland was desert, and the 105 years that the Chaldeans had, those make the 200 years that Ireland was waste from the taking of Conaing's Tower to the voyage of the Fir Bolg. So that in that manner the Taking of Nemed is concluded.



création : 30/08/2009


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