Third Redaction
Book of Ballymote & Book of Lecan
[ ] = glossarial matter in text


378. As for the Gaedil, we have given their adventures from Iafeth s. Noe onward, and from the Tower of Nemrod, till we have left them at Breogan's Tower in Spain; and how they came from Egypt, and out of Scythia to the Maeotic Marshes, and along the Tyrrhene Sea to Crete and to Sicily; and we have further related how they took Spain by force. We shall now tell you below simply, how they came to Ireland.

379. As for Ith s. Breogan, it was he who found Ireland at the first. He came alone, on a clear winter's evening, on to the top of Breogan's Tower, and he began to spy out the sea far to the northeast, till he saw Ireland away from him. He goes round back thereafter to his other brethren, and tells them what he had seen. Brego s. Breogan said that what he had seen was no land at all, but a cloud of the sky, and he was for hindering him from going thither; but Ith hecould in no wise hinder. [Ith] launched his ship on the sea and sailed to Ireland, with thrice fifty warriors; till they landed in the "Fetid Shore" ofMag Itha, on the Northern side of Ireland.

If we follow the Munster authorities, this is their route. Ith came thereafter into Corcu Duibne, into Ciarraige Luachra, into Luachair Dedad, into the plain of Cliu, into Eile, into Tir Cell, along Mide, into the Territory of Luigne, over Sliab Guaire, past the woods of Fernmag, into Fossad Clair of Fernmag, over the head of Sliab Bethech, into Sliab Toad, into the swamp of Tir Sirlaim, into the Territory of Modorn, into Mag Itha, across the head of Loch Febail, into the Land of Net, to Ailech of Net. But, according to the Northerners, he sailed, as we have said, to Ireland, and landed on the "Fetid Shore" of Mag Itha, on the Northern side of Ireland.

380. People came to hold converse with him on that strand, and each of them told their tidings mutually, through the Scotic language; fitting was that, seeing that on both sides they were of the progeny of Rifath Scot. Ith asked of them what was the name of this island. Inis Elga, said they; Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, and Mac Greine are its three kings.


(in M only) Who is its king? said Ith. They answered ; Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, and Mac Greine are the names of the three kings that are over it. [Now others say that it was shepherds who first met him, and gave him tidings.] Ith asked, Where those kings were? They said that Cathair Crofind was the place where they were. Howbeit, that is not where they were at the moment, but -

381. There was in fact a convention of the men of Ireland at Ailech of Net, after the slaying of Net s. Innui of Ailech by the Fomoire. The three kings weredividing the cattle and the treasures of the king of Ailech at the time. Ith s. Breogan came from Corco Duibne, into Ciarraige, and into Luachair Dedad, into the lowland of Clin, thence Northward into the Eiles, into the land of Fir Cell, along Mide, into the territory of Luigne, over Sliab Guaire, over the woods of Fernmag, into Fossad Clair of Fernmag, over the head of Sliab Bethech, into Sliab Toad, into the Swamp of Tir Sirlaim, into the territory of Modorn, into Mag nItha, to Ailech Neit. The three kings, Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht, Mac Greine, were there, and they welcomed him (i.e. Ith s. Breogan), and told him the matter that was occupying them.

382. Ith surpassed the judges of Ireland in cunning and in argument; and he settled every matter and every dispute that was before them. Then said Ith : Work just righteousness, for good is the land wherein ye dwell ; plenteous its fruit, its honey, its wheat and its fish; moderate its heat and its cold. Within it is all that ye need. Thereafter he bade them farewell, and made for his ship.

383. [The first night afterwards [when] Ith went into Ireland after his arrival at Loch Sailech], demons slew one of his followers. He is the first who was slain in Ireland there, of the progeny of the Sons of Mil. Every harbour whereto Ith would come in Ireland, after coasting every territory where it was, Mag Itha is its name; Mag Itha at Loch Febail, the Lands of Ith at Loch Sailech, Mag Itha among the Déssi, Mag Itha at Luimnech.

384. This is what the Tuatha De Danann said behind his back; That he was a son of one of the kings of the world, come to spy out land or territory in the outer islands of the world. Then a plot to slay Ith was laid by the Tuatha De Danann. They sent a strong troop after him, who inflicted a death-wound upon him in Mag Itha ; from him is the plain named. [Others say that he reached his ship alive, and died out on the sea.] His followers conveyed his body to Spain. This is what is referred to in the story of the Son of Breogan, whom the Tuatha De Danann slew for his envy of Ireland towards them. So that it was to avenge Ith that the Sons of Mil came into Ireland.

385. Now, this is what learned men relate; that thirty-six leaders and nobles strong the Gaedil came. [Each of them had a ship, which makes thirty(-six) ships.]

And four-and-twenty servitors had they, each of whom had a ship ; and four-and-twenty servitors along with every servitor in every ship, again.

These are the six and thirty chieftains who came into Ireland as Fintan s. Bochra recorded (who was bom seven years before the Flood; till seven years of the reign of Diarmait mac Cerbaill, that was his [Fintan's] life) under the nurture of Finnian of Mag Bile, and of Colum Cille, and as Tuan mac Cairill recorded in the presence of the Irish, and of Finnian of Mag Bile, and as their pupils related, to wit Ladcend s. Bairche, and Colman s. Comgellan, and Cenn Faelad s. Ailill, and Senchan s. Colman, Cu Alad from the Cruachans, and Bran of Boirenn, etc. Those are the pupils of Finnian and of Tuan.

And what they said was, that these are the thirty-six chieftains who entered Ireland as the Gaedil, namely the ten sons of Bregon (Ith being one of them) - Brego, Bile, Blad, Cualu, Cuailnge, Fuat, Muirthemne, Eibleo, Ith, Nar : the single son of Bile, Mil of Spain (Galam was his proper name) : the seven sons of Mil, Donn, Colptha, Amorgen, Eber, Ir, Erimon, Érech Febria and Érennan, the youngest of the family. The three sons of Erimon; Muimne, Luigne, Laigne ; also Palap and Irial Faid (but in Ireland itself was Irial born) the son of Erimon.

And he is called Nuadu Airgetlam. Nuadu Airgetlam had two sons, Glas a quo Sil nArgetrois, and Fir Nuadat; and they took the princedom over Ireland; for Nuadu was not in partnership with them, for he was a youth, and there was no disturbance of division among them, on account of his piety to his brethren; but he used to feed and clothe every child born to him, and he suppressed the children of the one and enlarged those of the other for their piety; for what learned men say is, that every princely family that is in Ireland, save the Eoganacht, is of the seed of Nuadu Airgetlam.

Another family is reckoned as having been born to Erimon in Ireland, namely Alan, Eidenn, Aine, Caithiar, Caithear, Cerna.

The four sons of Eber Finn, Ér, Orba, Feron, Fergna.

And learned men reckon that he had children in Ireland, to wit Conmael s. Eber, who took the kingship of Ireland and of Alba, and Caur, Corand, Edar, Airb, Airbe. The ten champions further, Caicher, Fulman, Mantan, Setga, Suirge, Sobairche. Én s. Oice, Ún s. Uice, Etan, Goisten.

Or they were three sons of Nar s. Breogan, and Gosten was the brother of Setga.

Those are the names of the ten champions ; Bres, Buas, Buaigne, the three sons of Tigernbard s. Brigi s. Breogan.

Or perhaps Brigi s. Brig had a son Bile.

And there came also Lugaid s. Ith, the hard valorous powerful warrior, to avenge his father. So that those are the company of chieftains who came into Ireland with the Sons of Mil, the ten sons of Breogan, and the eight sons of Mil, the five sons of Erimon, and the four sons of Eber Finn, and the ten champions. And there came thither Gosten and Setga and Ith s. Breogan. And learned men say that Mil came not into Ireland ; and others say that the three kings died of plague before coming into Ireland, namely Mil s. Bile, and Oige, and Uige, the two sons of Allod s. Noenel.

The twenty-four servitors as under; Aidne, Ai, Assal, Mede, Morba, Mide, Cuib, Cliu, Cera, Saer, Slan, Life, Line, Ligen, Traig, Dul, Adal, Aire, Dese, Dela, Fea, Femen, Fera.

Moreover Lugaid s. Ith came also, the hard valorous warrior with the strength of an hundred, to avenge his father along with them all.

Those are the names of the chief servitors, these are the names of the subordinate servitors below, who are not very prominent in the books: Medar, Ladar, Medon, Pida, Cath, Ruis, Cailna, Mad, Dena, Cacha, Bonn, Finnu, Cer, Coirche, Meadba, Ailim, Bir, Baschon, Forcna, Lugba, Sega, Seilgenn, Seg, Mar, Aig. They say that Eber had sons besides these, Caur, Capa, Corunn, Edor, Arb, Airrbe. Eremon had other six sons, Edenn, A[l]an, Aine, Caichear, and Caicher Cemda ; and that family is not usually brought into prominence.

433. Forty-eight wedded couples accompanied the Sons of Mil, and four hirelings, as well as Scota daughter of Pharao, on the sea, to seek for Ireland. So on that occasion they came to take Ireland at Inber Slaine [Scene, M], because it was prophesied that a famous company should take Ireland in Inber Slaine. But every time that they drew nigh to Ireland, the demons would frame that the harbour to which they would come should be [as it were] a hog's back. They skirted around Ireland three times, and thereafter they landed in Inber Scene (sic).

434. Érannan, the youngest of the sons of Sill, climbed into the mast, to see how far it was from them to the land. He fell out, and his limbs were scattered about the rocks of the sea. As he died, his head was put into his mother's breast, and she sent forth a sigh at his death. 'Tis no wonder, said his mother : whoso is sent between two emperors, except he have parted from the emperor from whom he hath gone, he hath not attained to the emperor to whom he has come. It was so that day, that there arose a terrible tempest, and it parted from the rest the ship wherein was Donn s. Mil - its company was twenty-four men, four hirelings, and twelve women - and they were drowned at the Sand-hills in the sea to the West, whence it is named "Tech Duinn". A Thursday, on the kalends of May, the Sons of Mil came into Ireland in Inber Scene ; they had sent out their fleet on the seventeenth of the moon. And Scene, the wife of Amorgen Gluingel son of Mil, died there - others say that Dellsaire was another name for her ; her grave was dug on the estuary, and the grave of Érannan on the other side. She is one of the seven wives of the Sons of Mil, and these are their names : Tea, Fial, Fas, Liben, Odba, Scota, Scene. Únde dicitur:

1. Seven wives of the sons of Mil, a brilliant honour,
I know all their names -
Tea, Fial, Fas - it was all to the good -
Liben, Odba, Scot, Scene.

2. Tea - Erimon of the steeds had her ;
Fial - she was the heroic wife of Lugaid ;
Fas - wife of Un mac Uicce thereafter,
Scene was wife of Amorgen.

3. Liben - wife of Fuad (it was a fair fame) ;
Scota the virginal, and Odba,
those were the wives (it is not insane)
who went with the Sons of Mil.

4. On the nineteenth - a report that was not weak -
the Fir Bolg took the palace of Ireland ;
on the ninth thereafter,
the Tuatha De took the sea without.

5. On the seventeenth, without deception,
the Sons of Mil were in the land of Ireland ;
in Inber Scene of the sails
thev took shore on the seventeenth.
(this quatrain in M only)

So Amorgen said [to his brethren, M] : The harbour where we land, it shall bear the name of Scene. [Or perhaps it was on the sea that she died.] The Sons of Mil made a contention in rowing as they came toward Ireland, that is, from the place where they saw Ireland in front of them ; and Ir s. Mil left a muircrech to every ship. Eber Donn s. Mil, who was the eldest of the family, envied him, and said : It is not lucky that Ir should advance beyond Ith - that is, beyond Lugaid s. Ith. As he said that, the oar that was in the hand of Ir broke and he fell backward, and died on the following night, and his body was taken to Sceilig, west of the Southern Promontory of Corcu Duibne. [So that thence was Sceilig named, "a tale under a flagstone" M.] Now every time that the Sons of Mil would reach land in Ireland, the demons would frame that the harbour was [as it were] a hog's back; so that thence is the island of Ireland called "Hog Island". They skirted around Ireland three times, and at last they landed, on Inber Scene. Sorrowful were Eber Finn and Erimon and Amorgen after the loss of their brother, and they said that it were right that Eber Donn should have no share of the land about which he had envied his brother, Ir s. Mil. On the morrow Érannan and Scene died, and they buried the two there, and their gravemounds and burials are there still.

435. As Amorgen Gluingel s. Mil set his right foot upon Ireland, he said the following :

I am Wind on Sea,
I am Ocean-wave,
I am Roar of Sea,
I am Bull of Seven Fights,
I am Vulture on Cliff,
I am Dewdrop,
I am Fairest of Flowers,
I am Boar for Boldness,
I am Salmon in Pool,
I am Lake on Plain,
I am a Mountain in a Man,
I am a Word of Skill,
I am the Point of a Weapon (that poureth forth combat),
I am God who fashioneth Fire for a Head. [i.e. a giver of inspiration].
Who smootheth the ruggedness of a mountain?
Who is He who announceth the ages of the Moon?
And who, the place where falleth the sunset?
Who calleth the cattle from the House of Tethys?
On whom do the cattle of Tethys smile? [i.e. the stars rising out of the sea].
Who is the troop, who the god who fashioneth edgse in a fortress of gangrene?
Enchantments about a spear? Enchantments of Wind.

And he spake this lay also, conjuring fish into the creeks :

A fishful sea !
A fruitful land !
An outburst of fish !
Fish under wave,
In streams (as) of birds,
A rough sea !

A white hail
With hundreds of salmon,
Of broad whales !
A harbour-song -
"An outburst of fish,

A fishful sea !"

At the end of three days and three nights thereafter the Sons of Mil broke the battle of Sliab Mis against demons and giants, that is, against the Tuatha De Danann. Fas wife of [Ún s.] Uicce fell, eponym of the "Grave of Fas" and the "Valley of Fas", between Sliab Mis and the sea ; and in that battle died Scota, daughter of Pharao king of Egypt, who was wife of Erimon s. Mil. For Mil s. Bile went into Egypt a-voyaging, with the crew of seven ships, and he took Scota to wife ; and Erimon took her after him. In that night in which the Sons of Mil came into Ireland, was the burst of Loch Luigdech in Iar-Mumu. Sliab Mis, that is, the worst mountain that they found in Ireland, for it is there that they fought their very first battle in Ireland.

436. Lugaid s. Ith used to bathe him in Loch Luigdech, and Fial wife of Lugaid s. Ith was bathing in the river that flows into [aliter and out of] the lake. Her husband came to her naked, so that she saw her husband's nakedness, and died thereafter of shame, in Loch Luigdech. Or because it was her husband who saw her, that her chastity overcame her.

437. The Sons of Mil fought the battle of Lifè. There were monsters in the form of giants, sent by the Tuatha De Danann against them, by wizardry. The Sons of Mil, Eber and Éremon, fought the battle valiantly. The steed [gabar] of Éremon fell there. [Hence is the name Gabar Life : or Life was the name of his horse.] Inde Life nominatur. [That is to say, "from which it is named".]

438. Thereafter they came till they were in the mountain over against Loch Dergderc. The sons of Mil and Banba conversed together there. [Or it is at Sliab Mis they conversed with Banba, and wherever it was, this is what she said to them] : If it be to take Ireland ye have come, and so intend, not right were the chance in which ye have come. It is, however, said Amorgen Gluingel the poet. A boon to me from you ! said she. What is it ? said they. That my name be upon this island, said she. What is thy name? said they. Banba, said she. Banba shall be a name for this island, said Amorgen Gluingel. The Book of Druim Snechta says that Amorgen asked of her as to her race. Of the progeny of Adam am I, said she. Of which race of the sons of Noe are thou? said he. I am elder than Noe, said she; upon this mountain was I in the Flood; to this hill, said she, came the waters of the Flood; thence is it called [Tul] Tuinde. However, that foregoing extract is extraordinary. Thereafter they sing spells against her, and Banba departed from them. They had colloquy with Fotla in Eibliu. She spake with them in like wise, and begged that her name should be upon the island. Amorgen said : Fotla shall be a name for the island.

439. They had colloquy with Ériu in Uisnech. She spake thus with them : Warriors, welcome to you. Long have soothsayers known of your coming hither. Yours shall be this island for ever, and no island of its size to the East of the world shall be better, and no race shall he more perfect than your race, for ever. Good is that prophecy, said Amorgen. Not to her is thanks therefore due, said Donn, the eldest of the Sons of Mil, but to our gods and to our powers. To say so is not thy concern, said Ériu ; thou shalt have no profit of the island, nor shall thy progeny dwell within it. A boon to me, ye sons of Mil and progeny of Breogan, said she ; that my name shall be upon this island. It shall be its name for ever, said Amorgen. The Book of Druim Snechta says that it was in Sliab Mis that Ériu spake with them, and that she formed great hosts against them, so that these were combating with them. But their druids and poets sang them spells, and they saw that they were only sods of the mountain bog; that thence is its name, Sliab Mis; and that it was Fotla who had converse with them in Uisnech.

440. Thereafter the Sons of Mil and of Breogan went till they were in Druim Cain, that is in Temair. The three kings of Ireland were there, Mac Cuill, Mac Cecht and Mac Greine. They demanded of the Sons of Mil that theirs should be the island to the end of three days, free from rapine, or from submission, or from assembly of battle : in the assurance that [the invaders] would not return, because they would make spells behind them, so that they should not be able to come again. We shall give, said Mac Cuill s. Cermait, as Amorgen your own judge shall give you ; for if he should utter a false judgement, he would die at our hands. Give the judgement Amorgen, said Eber Donn. I shall give it, said Amorgen ; let the island be left to them. How far shall we go? said Eber. Out over nine waves, said Amorgen. That is the first judgement that was given in Ireland, among the Sons of Mil.

Men, seeking a possession !
Over nine great green-shouldered waves.
Ye shall not go, unless with powerful gods !
Be it settled swiftly ! Be battle permitted !

I adjust the possession
Of the land to which ye have come ;
If ye like it, adjudge the right,
If ye like it not, adjudge it not -
I say it not to you, except with your good will.

441. If it were my counsel that was followed here, said Donn s. Mil, it is battle it would be. Though thou shouldest squander thy powers, said the druids of the Tuatha De Danann ; thou shouldst not return to Ireland. Thereafter they came southward from Temair and reached Inber Fele and Inber Scene, where their ships were. They went out over nine waves. The druids and poets of Ireland sang spells against them, till what was at the bottom of the sea was raised to the surface, so great was the storm against them, till they arrived far to the West of Ireland, and were weary upon the sea. A wind of wizards is this, said Donn s. Mil. It is, said Amorgen, unless it be above the sail. The youngest of the family, Érannan, went up the mast, and fell upon the rocks or about the boards of the ship, so that his members were scattered. As he was falling, he said. It is not over the sail. He was the steersman of the ship of Donn, and the fosterling of Amorgen. This is a disgrace for our men of craft, said Donn, when they had assembled into one place, that they abate not the wizardry. No disgrace is it, said Amorgen ; and he rose up and said the following :

I seek the land of Ireland,
Coursed be the fruitful sea,
Fruitful the ranked highland,
Ranked the showery wood,
Showery the river of cataracts,
Of cataracts the lake of pools,
Of pools the hill of a well,
Of a well of a people of assemblies,
Of assemblies of the king of Temair ;
Temair, hill of peoples,
Peoples of the Sons of Mil,
Of Mil of ships, of barks ;
The high ship Eriu,
Eriu lofty, very green,
An incantation very cunning.
The great cunning of the wives of Bres,
Of Bres, of the wives of Buaigne,

The mighty lady Eriu,
Erimon harried her,
Ir, Eber sought for her -
I seek the land of Ireland.

There was a calming of the wind upon them immediately.

442. Said Donn : I shall put under the edge of spear and of sword all that are now in Ireland, only let land be reached. The wind made a discrimination against the ship wherein were Donn the king and Airech, two of the Sons of Mil, and the ship wherein were Bres and Buas and Buaigne, till they were drowned at the Sandhills, which are called Tighi Duinn ; the grave mound of every man is there. This was their tally, twenty-four men, and twelve women, and four hirelings, and four attendants - that is those who were drowned therein. And there was Dil wife of Donn drowned. Alii dicunt that she was a daughter of Mil, and that Erimon himself laid a sod upon her, and said : Here is a sod over Dil. Únde Fotla.

443. Odba daughter of Mil, mother of the three sons of Erimon, of Muimne, Luigne and Laigne. She it is whom Erimon deserted in Spain, and took to himself Tea in her place. Odba came with her sons in one ship, from the South, and it is they who nurtured her, till she died in Odba, unde Odba dicitur. As for Tea, daughter of Lugaid s. Ith, she it is whom Erimon took after Odba; and the hill which she should choose in Ireland as her bridal gift - this is the dowry which she chose, Druim Cain is that mound, namely Temair. Temair is "the Wall of Tea," daughter of Lugaid s. Ith, as the learned saith,



444. These are the names of Temair under the Takings. Liathdruim was its name under the Taking of Nemed, that is, Liath s. Laigne, who cleared the ridge, unde dicitur "The Ridge of Liath". Druim Cain was its name under the Fir Bolg, that is Cain s. Fiachu Cendfhinnan, after whom it is (named) "The Ridge of Cain." The "Mound of the Three Men," and the "Stone-heap of the Solitary Man," was it called at the time of Eochaid mac Eirc. "Cathair Croind" was its name under the Tuatha De Danann, that is, Croind daughter of Allot was buried therein, unde dicitur Cathair Croind. Temair under the Sons of Mil, from Tea daughter of Lugaid. So that of those matters the learned chanted :

1. Temair Breg, whence is it named?
declare O sages!
when did it separate from the country-side?
when did Temair become Temair?

2. Was it under Partholan of the battles?
or at the first conquest by Cesair?
or under Nemed of the fresh valour?
or under Cigal of the knocking knees?

3. Was it under the Firbolgs of the boats?
or from the line of the Lupracans?
tell which conquest of these it was
from which the name Temair was set on Temair?

4. O Duban, O generous Findchad,
O Bran, O quick Cualad,
O Tuain, ye devout five!
what is the cause whence Temair is named?

5. There was a time when it was a pleasant hazel-wood
in the days of the noble son of Ollcan,
until the tangled wood was cut down
by Liath son of Laigne Lethan-glas.

6. Thenceforward it was called Druim Leith—
its corn was rich corn—
until there came Cain free from sorrow,
the son of Fiachu Cendfindan.

7. Thenceforward it was called Druim Cain,
the hill whither chieftains used to go,
until Crofhind the chaste came,
the daughter of all-famous Allod.

8. Cathair Crofhind ('twas not amiss)
30] was its name under the Tuatha De Danand,
till there came Tea, never unjust,
the wife of Erimon lofty of mien.

9. Round her house was built a rampart
by Tea daughter of Lugaid;
she was buried beyond the wall without,
so that from her is Temair named.

10. The Seat of the Kings was its name:
the kingly line of the Milesians reigned in it:
five names accordingly were given it
from the time when it was Fordruim till it was Temair.

11. I am Fintan the poet,
I am a salmon not of one stream;
it is there I was exalted with fame,
on the sod-built stead, over Temair.

445. [Of Luig-Ith, .i e. of Ith, who was lesser than his father.] (this sentence should be at the end of 443) Erimon sailed left-hand toward Ireland, North-Eastwards, [with] thirty ships - and landed in Inber Colptha. [That is the year when Alexander the Great, son of Philip, broke the battle in which Darius the Great, son of Arsames, fell, the last prince of the Persians ; at the end of seven years after the slaying of Belshazzar, and after the capture of Babylon by Cyrus the Great, son of Darius, until he released the Capitivity from the Babylonian bondage; for it is Cyrus who freed them, and Belshazzar who imprisoned them. For Belshazzar was the last prince of the Chaldeans, and Cyrus the first king of the Persians. If it be according to the synchronisms, that is how it was; if according to common opinion, it was in the Third Age of the World that the Sons of Mil came into Ireland.


These are his chieftains (meaning Erimon's). Namely, Breoga, Muirthemne, Fuad, Cualnge, Erimon, Eber, Ir, Amorgen, Colptha, Muimne, Luigne, Laigne, Goisten, Setga, Sobairche, Suirge. These are the servitors, Aidne, Ai, Asal, Mide, Cuib, Cera, Ser, Slan, Ligen, Dul, Line, Draig, Adal. Of the above the historian chanted the following :


Here are the names of the chieftains who took the Northern half of Ireland with Éremon; Erimon himself, and Airech Februa s. Mil, and Amorgen Gluingel the poet, and Eber s. Ir s. Mil and Muirthemne s. Breogan, and Colptha s. Mil, and Breoga s. Breogan, and Fuat s. Breogan ; Muimne, Luigne and Laigne his own three sons; with other chieftains not enumerated here. These are the servitors who came with Éremon into the North : Aidne, Ai, Asal, Mide, Cuib, Cera, Ser, Slan, Ligen, Dul, Line, Draig, Adal ; and no children are reckoned with those servitors who came with the Sons of Mil into Ireland, only their names are upon the plains which they cleared in Ireland. Wherefore this was said :

1. The serfs of the right lawful king cultivated
upon the deep land on which was division :
a road of a royal company over which they scatter —
twenty-four chief plains.

2. Aidne, Ai, Odba, Aigi,
Meidi, Morba, Midi,
Cuib, Cera, Cliu of hundreds of ***
Life, Ligen, and Line.

3. Asal over against our many lands,
Adar, Dzisi, Dul, Dela,
Slanga, ancient Sered,
Treg, Femen, Fea, Fera.

(This quatrain in M only.)
4. Meadon, Meadair, Cach, Dala,
Lotan, Pita, Cath, Cuanna,
Rus, Calna, Mag, is Deana,
Cacha, Bonn, Findu, Buada.


446. They landed thereafter in Inber Colptha, i.e. Colptha s. Mil it is who took harbour there first, so that is the name which should be on the harbour, Inber Colptha. The Sons of Breogan, after coming into Ireland, left nothing but their names upom the most important fortresses in Ireland, whence the poet said :


446. So Erimon and his followers landed in Inber Colptha; he who was their road-leader was Colptha s. Mil. It is he who took the harbour first, so that this is the name which the harbour has, Inber Colptha. As for the sons of Breogan, they left nothing after coming into Ireland, only their names upon the most important fortresses w4iich they found in Ireland, ut dixit poeta:

1. The son of Breogan, flower of our stock.
Every weapon with its place of habitation,
Ancestor of the warriors over seas,
Breogu - he settled on Brega.

2. Bile of the manifold prides,
Cualu, Cuailnge, glorious Ith,
Muirthemne from whom is the broad plain named,
And furious Blad from Sliab Bladma.


447. No children of the warriors are recorded - of Setga, Goisten, Suirge, and Sobairche.


447. Setga, Surgi, and Sobairche ; their children are of no note, if they left any.



448. After the fighting of the battle of Tailltiu, and the routing of the Tuatha De Danann, and the fall of the three kings of Ireland with their queens by their hands in Tailltiu, the Sons of Mil divided Ireland - Erimon in the North, and Eber in the South.


449. Amorgen, of him are Corcu Athrach in Eile and in Orbraige, and Corcu Airtbinn, and Corcu Airtbi.


449. Amorgen Cluingel s. Mil, of him are Corcu Athrach in Eile, that is the foundation upon which stands Caisil of the Kings, and Orbraige, excluding Clann Fergusa. And of him are Corcu Airtbinn and Corcu Airtbi, and Ui Énechglais in Laigin, and Tuath Loiguire on Loch Érne, at Daiminis.

450. Eber s. Ir, of him are the progeny of Ollom Fotla, i.e. (the progeny of Rudraige and of Conall Cernach and of Fergus mac Roigh, with their numerous peoples, and all the Ulaid. Of his progeny are the Conmaicne, and Ciarraige, and Corcomruad, and Uaine, Dal Moga Ruith (i.e. Fir Muige Fene) the [seven] Laigse in Laigin, Ara Cliach, the seven Sogains wherever they are, and the progeny of Conchobor and of Celtchar.

451. As for Erimon, leader of the expedition, from him are Leth Cuinn and the four families of Temair, Conall, Eogan, Colman, Aed Slaine. Of him also are the three Connachta,


and Airgialla of Laigen, Osraige, the Déssi of Mumu, Orbraige, Fotharta, Dal Riatai, Dal Fiatach of ULaid, that is, the kings of Ulaid; the Albanaig, that is, the progeny of Oengus s. Érc, and of Fergus s. Érc ; Loarn, the Érna of Mumu, of whoim were the Clanna Dedaid, of whom was Coniaire the Great and his progeny. The seed of that Conaire in Alba we have enumerated ; and his seed in Ireland - Muscraige, Corcu Duibne, and Corcu Baiscinn; those are the seed of Erimon, not to mention other minor peoples. Of them, moreover, are the Fotharta, of whom came Brigid, and Fintan Cluaim Eidnech, and Ua Ailella and Ua Chaechain; they also are of the Fotharta; and they are all of the progeny of Erimon.


hat is Ui Briuin of Brefne, and Ui Muiredaig, and Ui Fiachrach, and the progeny of the Collas in every land where they are, both in Ireland and in Alba. Of his progeny are the Baigne, and Osraige, the Déssi of Mumu, Orbraige, and Fotharta, Dal Riata and Dal Fiatach qui et Ulaid, Albanaig, Érna of Mumu of whom were the progeny of Dedad mac Sin, and of Conaire the Great s. Eterscel of Mumu, and the progeny of Brian s. Eochaid Menn, and of Niall s. Eochaid in general. Those are the seed of Erimon, so far as they are of importance, not counting many found in history, but not of reckoned as "Takings", by reason of their insignificance.


452. Eber remained in the South, thirty ships (or eighteen, that number being Erimon's). These are his chieftains -


452. Let us now tell of Eber s. Mil. Eber Finn s. Mil went with twenty ships into the Southern half of Ireland, and Erimon [had] not any more than that. These are the chieftains of that expedition -

Eber, Bile, Mil, Cualu, Blad, Eibliu, Nar, Eber Donn, Eber Finn, Airech, Érannan, Lugaid, Ér, Orba, Feron, Fergna, Én, Ún, Etan, Caicher, Mantan, Fulman. These were the servitors who were at their ships - each servitor having a ship - Adar, Raire, Dési, Dela, Cliu, Morba, Fea, Life, Femen, Fera. We have already spoken of the servitors.

453. Bile and Mil, of their progeny are all the Gaedil. Cualu and Blad and Eber left no progeny, only their names upon those principal hills. Nar, a quo Ros Nair. No children of the warriors are recorded, to wit Én, Etan, Caicher, Fulman, Mantan. Eber Donn and Aireach left no children. Érannan was drowned at [Inber] Scene.


454. The four sons of Eber, Ér, Orba, Feron, Fergna.


454. The four sons of Eber Finn, Ér, Orba, Feron, Fergna. Their children are not recorded, but the learned consider that the Érna - the Old Érna, that is - are of the race of Ér s. Eber.


455. Five peoples were descended from Lugaid s. Ith,


455. As for Lugaid s. Ith, five peoples were descended from him,

namely the fine of Daire Doimthech, that is, the Five Lugaids - Lugaid Cal a quo Callraige of Connachta, Lugaid Corr a quo Corpraige, Lugaid Corb a quo Dal Coirpre Cliach, Lugaid Oircde a quo Corcu Oircte, Lugaid Laige of whom was Lugaid s. Daire, of whom was Lugaid mac Con, whom Ailill fostered - Lugaid s. Lugaid Laige s. Daire, the constant wounder, who could not sleep with any save with Eloir, the hound of Ailill.

456. The progeny of Eber throughout Ireland here now. Eber, of his progeny are Dal Cais, Dal Cein, Delbna, the Northern Déssi, Dal Mescorb, Dal Matrach, Ui Deruirb [lege Derduib], Catraige, Eile, Tuath Tuirbe, Eoganacht of Caisel, of Aine, of Loch Lein, of Raithlinn, of Glennamnach, of Ara, of Ros Airgid, Lemnaig of Alba, Eoganacht of Durlas Airthir Cliach, [and Ciannachta South and North, and Luigne South and North, and Gailenga all but a few]. Those are all the seed of Eber.

457. Ten chieftains were their losses till then, by sea and by land, from when they set forth from Spain till the capture of Ireland ; eight of the chieftains including the king, Donn ; and Bile s. Brig, Airech Februad, Bres, Buas, Buaigne, who were drowned in the ship along with Donn ; Ir, who died in Sceilig and was buried there; and Érannan, who died in the estuary, or on the sea, after falling from the mast ; Cuailnge and Fuad, who perished at the hands of phantoms - those are their losses of nobles, to say nothing of women, warriors, and children.

458. Six of their queens also did they leave on the same occasion - Buan wife of Bile and Dil daughter of Mil along with Donn, and Scene, that is Dellsaire wife of Amorgen Gluingel s. Mil, from whom is named Inber Scene. His wife died along with Ir, and his wife with Muirtemne; and Fial wife of Lugaid, who died of shame when she saw the nakedness of her husband, as he bathed in Inber Feile, unde dicitur Inber Fele. And in that night Loch Luigdech burst forth over the land. Of her did her husband make the lament, which is the first lament of Ireland -

1. Sit we there over the strand,
stormy the cold ;
Chattering in teeth, great the tragedy,
the tragedy which reached me.

2. I tell you, a woman died,
whom fame magnifies,
Fial her name, from a warrior's nakedness,
upon the clean gravel.

3. Great the tidings, harshly it has heard me (?)
the nakedness of a man,
She looked upon while she sat there,
[Sit we there.]

459. After the battle of Tailtiu there was a contention between the Sons of Mil, Eber and Erimon, regarding the kingdom. Amorgen was brought to them to arbitrate between them ; so Amorgen said : The inheritance of the Chief, Donn, to the second, Erimon, and his inheritance to Eber after him. Now those are the three first judgements given among the Sons of Mil in Ireland ; the judgement that Amorgen gave in Temair ; and that judgement, in Sliab Mis ; and the judgement that Amorgen gave in Cenn tSaile, over wild deer and quadrupeds. As the poet saith,

1. There did Amorgen give the judgement
his neighbours conceal it not ;
after the battle of Mala, a fame without decay,
between the hosts of the Sons of Mil.

2. To each of them he apportioned his right,
as they were a-hunting ;
each one received his lawful due at his hands,
by the judgement of Amorgen, high and great.

3. The first wounding of stags, it is known,
be it a man or a hound that tears the skin,
to the stag-hounds, customary without fail,
there comes what is cast to them. (?)

4. The share of the skinner, so he [Amorgen] apportioned it,
a gulp (?) of the short brief neck ;
to the coursing-dog the legs of the stag,
his should be a part that is not increased.

5. The inward parts to the man who comes last,
whether he thinks the course good or bad,
it is certain that he is not entitled, from it,
to shares in the co-division.

6. A general division to everyone
thereafter - it is no vain course -
without commanding hither or thither
this is the judgement that Amorgen gave.

460. Six chieftains southward, at last, and seven northward with :Erimon, went there; and the kingship in the South to Eber, and the kingship in the North to Erimon. The six in the South - Eber Finn, Lugaid s. Ith, Etan [s. Uicce], Ún s. Uicce, Caicher, Fulman. The seven in the North, Erimon, Eber s. Ir, Amorgen [s,] Gosten, Setga, Sobairce, [Surge]. Of that did Roigne the poet, son of Ugaine [the Great], speak


to Mai s. Ugoine, to his brother, when Mai asked of him : Sing of the adventures of the Sons of Mil. So then Roigme the poet said this :


when he was asked of his brother, Mai s. Ugoine ; so that then he said this :

Noble son of Ugoine,
How attains one to full knowledge of Ireland?
He arose from Scythia,
Did Feinius Farsaid himself ;
Nel reached Egypt,
Remained awhile faithfully
With Pharao in journeys.
A betrothal of Nel, of Scota,
The conception of our father Gaedil,
The surname of "Scot" spread abroad
Did the fair daughter of Pharao.
The people of the Good God arrived together
With smiting of a great host.
Cincris was extinguished.
Drowned in the Red Sea.
They voyaged the sea-surface
Arrived at Scythia,
Which Eber Scot harried ;
They smote Refloir,
Did Agnomain, Lamfind.
They sailed over Caspian
Entered on Liuis,
Made for Toirrian,
Followed on past Africa,
Arrived at Spain,
Where were conceived Erimon,
And Eber to Mile.
Soon Brego, Bile,
For avenging of Ith,
Grouped in their barks,
Sixty their number.
The men as they returned
Divided Ireland
Among twice six chieftains.
Let the truth of the history suffice !
I answer the question keenly.


461. Or perhaps it was two groups of six persons, they say, the six sons of Mil and the six sons of Breogan : namely, Erimon, Eber, Lugaid (or Airech), Amorgen, Colpa, Ir. The six sons of Breogan, Brego, Bile, Fuad, Blad, Cualu, Cualnge.


461. Or perhaps these were two groups of six persons, as the authors say; the six who were sons of Mil, amd the six who were sons of Breogan. The six sons of Breogan were Brego, Bile, Fuat, Blad, Cualu, [Cualnge]. The six sons of Mil, Erimon, Eber, Airech, Aimirgen, Colptha, Ir. The learned reckon that Ir s. Ith s. Breogan came into Ireland with Lugaid s. Ith. Of the progeny of Ir s. Ith are Muscraige, Corcu Baiscinn, Corcu Duibne, and many other peoples besides.


462. (in M only ) Airech Februad s. Mil, these are the progeny reckoned from him, according to men of learning and of art; Ulaid, Ciarraige, Conmaicne, Corcu Modruad, Dal Moga Ruith, Fir Muige Fene, Corcu Ele, Caenraige, Corcu Soillcenn of Semne, Odarraige, Dal nAraide, Dal Riata, Albanaig, and the Seven Laigsi among the Laigin. But there comes a section of History against that, for the branches of Kinship and Genealogy reckon that these were of the progeny of Ir s. Mil, though their genealogies are derived from Airech Februad s. Mil. Or perhaps Ir himself had the name "Airech Februad".


463. As for the Gaedil, it is thus that they took Ireland. As for the Tuatha De Danann, around Tailtiu did they settle. of the Taking of Ireland down to this.


463. As for the Gaedil, it is thus that they took Ireland, after journeying on every way from Scythian Greece to Nemrod's Tower, and from Nemrod's Tower to the great kingship of Scythia, and from Scythia, atfter being in many other places, to Spain, amd from Spain to Ireland thereafter. They landed in Tailtiu, and gave battle in Tailtiu to the Tuatha De Danann. Finit of those Takings of the Sons of Mil.

création : 3/11/2009

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