Second Redaction
Stowe collection (D.5.1, D.4.1, D.1.3), Book of Lecan & Stowe D.4.3
[ ] = glossarial matter in text


[* I hav'nt find Lebor Gabala Erenn, Part II. The following is the text edited by McLaughlin. *]

So Nel son of Feinius Farsaid dwelt southward in Egypt. This is the estate which he received, upon the shores of the Red Sea and around Phi-Hahiroth; and he was there till the Sons of Israel escaped from Pharao and from the host of Egypt. Now it fell out that the Sons of Israel, in that flight, came to the estate where Nel was, and his son, Gaedel Glas. The Sons of Israel took camp at Phi-Hahiroth on the border of the Red Sea. Then Nel son of Feinius came to converse with them and there Aaron (brother of Abraham) met Nel; and Aaron told him tidings of the Sons of Israel and the miracles and marvels of Moses, and how the ten plagues were brought upon the people of Egypt by reason of their enslavement. And they ratified a friendship there, and Nel gives wine and wheat to the peoples of God for provision. So Aaron went thereafter to the place where Moses was, and told him of the welcome which he had received at the hands of Nel, and the good which he promised to the Sons of Israel. Moses was grateful to Nel for that.

Now, as for Nel, in that very night, a serpent stung the little son that had been born to him, to wit Gaedel Glas, and death was near to him. (From that circumstance he received his name, Gaedel Glas.) And the lad was carried to Moses, and Moses made fervent prayer before God and put the noble rod upon the place where the serpent had stung him, so that the land as cured. And thereafter Moses said: I command, by the permission of God, that no serpent harm this land, or any or his seed for ever; and that no serpent dwell in the homeland of his progeny. There shall be, he said, kings and lords, saints and righteous, of the seed of this lad; and in the northern island of the world shall be the dwelling of his race. This, then, is the reason why there are no serpents in Ireland, and why no serpent does harm to any of the seed of Gaedel Glas.

Then it is that Nel said: Pharao shall come to us, said he, and shall enslave us, for the welcome that we have given you, and for the guilt of failing to hinder you. come thou with us, said Moses, with all thy people, upon tomorrow's route, and if thou wilt, thou shalt receive an equal share of heritage in the land which God hath promised to the Sons of Israel. Or, if thou dost prefer, we shall put the pinnaces of Pharao at thy disposal; embark ye therein upon the sea, and stand ye by, to know by what means we shall separate us from Pharao, and thereafter do they good pleasure.

The company that was in the ships set forth and they stood by to see the transactions of the following day; the division of the Red Sea in the wake of the people, and the drowning of Pharao with his hosts therein - six score thousand footmen and fifty thousand horsemen, that is the tally which went to meet death, of the people of Pharao, in the Red Sea.

Now when Nel saw Pharao with his hosts drowned, he remained upon the same estate, for he had no fear there; and his progeny and seed increased in Egypt thereafter, so that his progeny were warriors of great valour. Thereafter Nel died, after a long space, in Egypt. Gaedel Glas and his mother took the estate. Thereafter a son was born to Gaedel, Esru s. Gaedel; and to him was a son born in the same land, Sru s. Esru s. Gaedel Glas.

But as for the host of Egypt thereafter, Pharao Tuir took the princedom after Pharao Cineris. Now "Pharao" was an additional name of every king who took Egypt, from Pharao Cineris to Pharao Nectanebus; and he was the thirty-fifth - or the fifteenth - king after Pharao Cineris who was drowned in the Red Sea. It was for the sake of honouring them that this name was bestowed upon them.

As for Pharao Tuir thereafter and the host of Egypt, when they attained strength, they called to mind their hereditary hostility against the progeny of Nel and the family of Gaedel; the friendship which these had shown to the Sons of Israel, and Nel's taking of the ships of Pharao with him, when the Sons of Israel escaped. War and hostilities were increased upon the progeny of Nel thereafter, till they were expelled from Egypt.

Sru and his son Eber Scot, they were the chieftains for the Gaedil at the expulsion. Seven hundred and seventy years from the Flood till then. Four hundred and forty years from that time when Pharao was drowned, and from when Sru son of Esru came out of Egypt, to the time when the Sons of Mil came into Ireland. Whereanent this was said -

Poem No. XII

Thereafter the progeny of Nel, and Scota, daughter of Pharao, collected in four ships, with twenty-four wedded couples in each ship, upon the Red Sea, to Taprobane Island, around the Rhipaean Mountain northward, till they reached Scythia; and the progeny of Nel and of Nenual, the two sons of Feinius Farsaid, contended in the matter of the princedom of Scythia, from that time till the time of Refloir son of Noemius and of Mil son of Bile (whose name was Galam.) Many battles and conflicts and wars and kin-murders did they have between them during that time, till Mil son of Bile inflicted a mortal wound upon Refloir son of Noemius. Nine hundred and twelve years did that contention last.

Thereafter Mil came into exile. They had four ships, with fifteen wedded couples, and a hireling, every ship. They went south-east around Asia to Taprobane Island. They stayed three months therein. Three other months had they on the sea, till they reached Egypt; that was at the end of one thousand three hundred fifty and four years after the first Taking of Ireland by Partholon. They reached Egypt at the end of nine hundred and fourteen years after the drowning of Pharao in the Red Sea.

Pharao Nectanebus as king of Egypt at that time. He is the thirty-fifth king after the Pharao who was drowned in the Red Sea. Now it was in that time that Alexander the Great, son of Philip, came into Asia and arrived in Egypt, and brought Egypt into obedience to himself, laid Egypt waste, and drove out her king Nectanebus from Egypt into Ethiopia; and a capital city, called Alexandria, was founded by him in Egypt. Now Mil son of Bile tarried eight years in Egypt, and his people learned the principal arts there - Setga, Sobairce, and Auirge learned craftsmanship. Mantan, Caicher, and Fulman learned druidry. One remaining three, Goscen, Amorgen, and Donn were arbitrators and judges. The other three, Mil, Occe, and Ucce, were battle-conquerers.

When Mil perceived that weakness and loss of strength had come upon Pharao, he took leave of him (by no means from fear, but because his druids had promised to obatin kingship and territory for him.) So Mil came thereafter, (the same tally) and Scota daughter of Pharao Nechtenibus along with him as wife. For this reason was she called Scota, because her husband was called Scot, that is to say according to the origin of the race called "Scots;" and every woman in that country was surnamed according to her husband's race.

Thereafter they came upon the Red Sea. They rowed to Taprobane Island, and tarried there a month. Then they went around, past India and Asia, and around Scythia Petraea outward, on the Indian Sea northward, till they reached the Northern Ocean (upon the Outer Sea), to the estuary of the Caspian Sea. They held their peace for three weeks, upon the Caspian Sea, by reason of the crooning of the Sirens, until Caicher the druid delivered them. This is the remedy that he found for them, to melt wax in their ears, so that they should not hear that crooning. Thereafter they rowed (a sailing of six summer days), upon the Western Ocean, till they reached the Libyan Sea and Cercina; and upon the surface of the Pontic Sea; and they rowed past the promontory of the Rhipaean Mountain northward. There it is that Caicher said to them: We have no rest till we reach the noble island, (i.e., Ireland.)

Thereafter they rowed to the end of a year upon the Western Ocean till they reached the Macotic Marshes in the north; past Germania, alongside Thracia, till they reached Dacia. They tarried a month on Dacia northward; from the Aegean Sea, past Gothia, upon the Hellepontine Sea, to the island of Tenedos upon the Torrian Sea westward, to Crete, to Sicily, to Belgia and Burgundia, to the Columns of Hercules, to the surface of the Strait of Gibraltar, in three-cornered Spain.

Fifty-four battles did they win before them against the Frisians, and the Langobardi, and the Barchu, and they took Spain by force; and a city was founded there by Breogan son of Brath, (named Braganza), with a tower to protect it. From that tower was Ireland seen on a winter's evening. Ith son of Breogan saw it.

Now those are the adventures of the Gaedil from Scythia to Spain; so that the following is said anent those their adventures.

Poem No. XIV

[*Section III, The Invasion of Cessair, still to find. The next section is The Invasion of Partholon. *]

création : 30/08/2009

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